Periodontal disease is a serious form of gum disease that can spread into the jaw bone. Without treatment, periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss as the gums and bones are no longer healthy enough to support the teeth. Here are some symptoms of periodontal disease to look out for.
1. Swollen Gums
Gums that look puffy or swollen are often a sign of periodontal disease. This localised inflammation is a reaction to bacteria that have infected the gums.
2. Gums That Are Red or Purple
Healthy gums are pink, whereas gums that are affected by periodontal disease often appear either a bright, angry red or even a darker purplish colour. If you notice the colour of your gums changing over time, contact a dentist or periodontist.
3. Sore Gums
Some people experience no pain as a result of their periodontal disease, at least at first. Others experience soreness in the gums, especially as the disease progresses. If your gums feel tender when you touch them, or it is painful to chew, schedule a checkup today.
4. Bleeding Gums
Gums that bleed easily are a sign of periodontal disease. You are most likely to notice this bleeding when you brush or floss your teeth. Examine the toothpaste foam that you spit into the basin and the length of floss you have just used for signs of blood.
5. Bad Breath
Some cases of bad breath are simply the result of eating too many heavily spiced meals, drinking too much coffee or alcohol, and not having cleaned your teeth for a few hours. However, persistent bad breath that stinks no matter how you change your diet or how carefully you brush and floss each day needs investigation.
6. Loose Teeth
Advanced periodontal disease can make your teeth feel loose. Healthy gums trip the teeth to keep them in place, but diseased gum tissue is not able to provide this support. As a result, teeth can feel loose — or even fall out in the most severe cases.
7. Receding Gums
Receding gums are a tell-tale sign of periodontal disease. If you notice your teeth starting to appear longer than normal, then it is likely that your gums are receding. You should see a local periodontist as soon as possible. They can get the periodontal disease under control and discuss gum grafts with you as an option for restoring the lost gum tissue.