Traditionally, people with missing teeth could only opt for dentures or bridges to complete their natural smile. However, modern dentistry continues to advance to provide more options for people. Dental implants are a popular restorative treatment that can replace missing teeth due to gum disease, genetics, or injuries.
The implants are commonly designed from titanium and implanted into the jawbone. To determine if you are a satisfactory candidate for dental implants, your dentist will ensure you have sufficient bone in your jaw. You should also have good oral health, which shouldn't be a problem if you keep up with your dentist appointments. Your dentist will discuss the right dental implant for you, which will include the following options:
Endosteal implants are shaped like tiny screws and are attached to the jawbone. They are the most common dental implants and are typically made with titanium.
Endosteal implants are two-stage implants, meaning that the procedure includes surgery and stitching of the gum tissue. After the implant is attached, your jaw bone will grow around it and provide anchorage. A few weeks after the procedure, your dentist will perform another minor surgery to implant the abutment and temporary restoration.
Subperiosteal implants feature a metal frame that is attached to the jawbone below the gum tissue. As the gum tissue heals, the frame remains fixed into the jawbone, and you can see the posts protruding through the gums. Your dentist will then attach artificial teeth to the posts.
These implants are not as standard as endosteal implants, and they are primarily recommended for people without adequate jawbone. You will also find this treatment more fitting if you don't want to undergo surgery. Your dentist will customise the dental implants to suit your jawbone's unique contours.
The treatment procedure for subperiosteal implants is also more straightforward, and you will likely need only two appointments. Although subperiosteal implants provide more support than dentures, they are less stable than endosteal implants.
The use of zygomatic implants is a relief for people with extensive bone loss. These implants are tilted and attached to the cheekbone, and they feature a longer length than that of traditional implants. The cheekbone offers sufficient support for the implants, and they are recommended for people who are not ideal candidates for traditional implant methods.
Zygomatic implant technology also relieves patients from having to undergo bone grafting to get implants. Dentists can now attach zygomatic implants in one day, thanks to advancements in the procedure. In addition to restoring your smile, these implants will improve chewing and speaking.